What are the main characteristics of a tropical house?
Tropical areas experience heavy rainfall throughout the year. In many places in the tropics the temperature rarely dips below 90 degrees Fahrenheit. The houses built in the tropics are designed to bear these extreme weather conditions. While designing a tropical house in Canada, try to opt for a spacious and airy living space. Install large windows and don’t create any obstruction to the continuous flow of air. The owners of traditional tropical homes rarely opt for completely insulated houses with artificial interior atmosphere regulated by air conditioners and humidifiers. This, however, is slowly changing in many places.
Tropical houses boast of a spacious patio. Shades, in the form of overhanging roof, are built around the houses to keep the harshness of sunlight out from the interiors. You may build a tropical home with a wraparound balcony or patio. To prevent the effects of heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding, many tropical structures are hoisted on stilts. You may avoid building stilts or pillars to unnecessarily lift the house above the ground, but if you live in the mountain regions of Canada, then this could turn out to be a useful endeavour.
Tropical houses are built with flowing living spaces without any partition or only minimal amount of partitions. Sometimes wooden screens, curtains or lattice walls are used to protect the privacy of the interiors. This is useful for contemporary homes which are struggling for additional space. Open plan architecture would be in tune with traditional tropical design. Consider converting your terrace into an open sided space in line with popular lanai patio.
When building from scratch, design rooms with a ceiling height of 10 feet or more. High ceilings tend to make the interior look more spacious and breezy. Introduce a garden pond or a small fountain on the premises of the house. This will bring cool and fresh air inside the house. Decorate the interior of your home with potted palm trees, hibiscus, rubber fig, ferns and orchids. This induces a refreshing touch in the ambience. Seek help of a landscape designer to design a stylish tropical garden around your house.
What materials should I choose for my tropical house?
Tropical houses can be built with a variety of materials. Wood features prominently in the interior and exterior of the tropical homes. You may use tropical wood types like teak, hickory, ipe, mahogany, padauk or satinwood to build the flooring, walls and staircases. Most of these wood types are extremely hardy, last for a long time, are not prone to the attacks of moisture and other moisture related problems like fungus. High quality timbers like these don’t succumb to the termite attacks either. Most of these wood types have a dark tone. The texture varies from one type of wood to another.
Wood clad walls and flooring help you to maintain a comfortable interior atmosphere year long. Consequently, the rooms of your building remains cool in the summertime and warm in winter. Stone is another very coveted raw material in the tropical homes. Marble, granite, limestone and sandstone are frequently used to build the flooring and walls in the tropical structures of Asia. Sandstone and travertine are more common in the tropical regions of the other parts of the world. Stone help you to design an elegant home. They keep the interiors cool in the long and weary summer months.
Use of terracotta, brick and ceramic tiles are quite common in the tropical dwellings as well. Terracotta tiles are used to build the roofs as well as decorate the interiors. Brick helps to design the fundamental structure. Ceramic tiles are utilised to deck up the walls and design the flooring. Many tropical buildings boast of thatched roofs made of reed grass, straw or palm leaves. Thatched roofing is gaining in popularity in other parts of the world too due to their insulation capabilities.
Bamboo is frequently utilised to form the basic structure, build the rafters of the roofing system, design the flooring and sometimes the pillars of a house. They can give your tropical home a classy and unique look. Bamboo flooring is cost effective and long lasting. Though it does not boast of unique texture or colour like wood, it helps you design a comfortable and durable structure.
Which roof design would suit my tropical house in Canada?
Traditional tropical structures are built with gable or hipped roofing systems. These roof types don’t allow standing water on the rooftop after heavy rainfalls. You may cover the pitched roof of your buildings with wood, terracotta tiles or thatching materials. Tropical roofs are often extended beyond the edge of the walls. The extended part acts like a sunshade and protects the interiors from getting heated in the summer months. They also prevent rainwater from getting inside the house through the open windows or doors.
What is the cost of building a tropical dwelling in Canada?
The cost of building a tropical home in Canada is equivalent to building other types of stylish dwellings in the country. Most of the raw materials are available in the local market. Some other items like bamboo, thatching materials are no longer so difficult to procure in the country. You may build a cosy and comfortable single family home in tropical style in less than $650,000 CAD. However, the cost of the house depends heavily on the design of the structure and materials used to build it. To estimate the actual cost of building a tropical home, have a talk with an experienced architect. You may do so using homify’s online portal or use one of your local contacts to locate someone capable of helping you in the project.